Knowing how to tie a few basic knots is essential to a boater's security. Below are 4 Basic Knots you should know. For practice, a section of rope six feet long with a diameter of 3/8" is a good size. Tie each knot several times to make a mental picture of the sequence. With practice you'll be able to tie each knot without thinking about it.
NOTE: The end of the line that you work with in tying knots is called the "Bitter End." The main length of line is the "Standing Part."
(1.) Two Half Hitches (Knot)
1. This reliable knot is quickly tied and is the hitch most often used in mooring. To tie:Pass end of rope around post or other object.
2. Wrap short end of rope under and over long part of rope, pushing the end down through the loop. This is a half hitch.
3. Repeat on long rope below first half hitch and draw up tight.
(2.) Bowline (Knot)
This knot doesn't jam or slip when tied properly. To tie:
1. Make the overhand loop with the end held toward you, then pass end through loop.
2. Now pass end up behind the standing part, then down through the loop again.
3. Draw up tight.
(3.) Cleat Hitch (Knot)
In order to secure the boat to a dock or secure a line to the boat you will probably use the cleat hitch.
1. Take the line to the ear of the cleat furthest from where the line comes from the boat (or load).
2. Take one wrap around the base of the cleat and then start a figure eight across the top of the opposite ear.
3. Finish with a half hitch turned under so that the line is coming away from the cleat in the opposite direction from which it came in.
(4.) Anchor Bend (Knot)
This knot is used to secure a rope or a line to an anchor. To tie:
1. Pass two loops through ring.
2. Place free end around standing line.
3. Pass free end through loops.
4. Complete by making half hitch.